This is an inflammation of the intestines causing painless watery diarrhoea which increases in severity, leading to collapse and death, perhaps within twenty-four hours. It is caused by an organism, spread by sewage-contaminated water and has largely disappeared in countries where pure water is available. Treatment consists in water and salt replacement, which in former times was exclusively by mouth, but now is more often by intravenous infusion.
Epidemics usually started in the Far East and it was therefore known as "the Asiatic Cholera". Ireland was struck repeatedly in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, but most severely in 1832, when about 3,000 people in Belfast were infected and about 500 died. An isolation block was opened behind the Fever Hospital in Frederick Street and large plots for burial of paupers were set aside in Clifton Street and Friar`s Bush Graveyards. These areas were used again for victims of the Great Famine and now form green spaces to remind us that in the past infectious diseases, both in epidemics and isolated cases, were the main cause of death. There was another outbreak of cholera in 1848-9, and further cases throughout the century as argument raged over the need for improved sanitary arrangements. Deaths from local outbreaks are specifically recorded in graveyards in Annahilt, Ardglass, Ballymore (County Armagh), Larne, Moira and Mullaghglass (County Armagh), and deaths abroad are often noted on gravestones here.
Annahilt Church of Ireland graveyard, County Down
Sacred to the memory of Jane Moreland who died of Fever 20th July 1844 aged 12 years Also Jaines Moreland who died of cholera 16th January 1849 aged 18 years This mortal must put on immortality Also James Cowan Moreland, father of the above who died 26th Feby 1858 aged 67 years Also Mary daughter of Janies Moreland & wife of Wm McCANN, Belfast, who died 4th Septr 1859 aged 34 years Also Anne Harrison Moreland, wife of the above James Cowan Moreland who died 2nd December 1873 aged 68 years.
Ardglass Church of Ireland graveyard, County Down
Here lieth the body of the Revd George Crane, Incumbent of this parish for 22 years, died of cholera on Septr 4th 1832 aged 70 years Also his daughter Sarah Louisa who died Jany 14th 1816 aged 13 months.
Bangor Abbey graveyard, County Down
Erected by John Rippett Crawfordsburn, in memory of his daughter Margaret who died 5th Nov 1861 aged 15 years Also his eldest son Samuel who died of cholera in Calcutta 27th Jan 1869 aged 28 years His youngest son William who died 6th August 1875 aged 15 years And two of his children who died in childhood Also the above named John Rippett who died 10th February 18 aged 72 years [His] wife [Martha] Rippett who died 25th November 1891 aged 74 years.
Donaghadee Church of Ireland graveyard, County Down
Erected by masonic contributions as a tribute to the memory of a departed brother Charles Harvey of Moushole, Cornwall who died of cholera Augt 14th 1832 aged 64 yrs Tho Neptune's waves by God's decree Have toss'd me to and fro I rest a son of Zebedee At anchor here below When summonld by the trumpet's roar To join the ransomld fleet I'll gladly steer for Canaan's shore My Admiral Christ to meet.
Moira Non-Subscribing Presbyterian graveyard, County Down
[Box-tomb in high-railed enclosure, broken up and in ruins Inscription is very worn There is an elegy to him in Peter Burns Poems, 1835] Sacred to the memory of Thomas Simpson of Moira, Surgeon, who fell a victim to malignant cholera on the 29th of December 1832 aged 34 years This monument has been erected by his friends as a tribute of respect and to mark the estimation in which he was held for the skilful and faithful discharge of his professional duties, his goodness of heart and his worth as a man.
Greencastle Roman Catholic graveyard, County Antrim
IHS, Erected by Michael Manning and Ann his wife, in memory of their beloved children Margaret Manning, who departed this life, the 11th July 1858, aged 19 years, also William Manning, who died of cholera, on board HMS Britannia, in the Black Sea, on the 24th August 1854, aged 32 years, also the said Michael Manning who died 31st January 1864, agd 65 years, May they rest in peace.
Clifton Street graveyard, Belfast, County Antrim
Sacred to the memory of John Gray, died 5th Feb 1860 aged 68 years Sarah Gray his wife died 27th June 1860 aged 64 years Robert Gray, their son died 28th April 1828 aged 11 months IsabeIla Gray, their daughter died 13th May 1838 aged 9 years John Caughey Gray their son, Assistant Surgeon, in the 44th Regiment of Foot, died of cholera, in Malta, 14th July 1850 aged 25 years William Gray their son died 16th October 1854 aged 31 years, Agnes Gray, wife of the above died 28th October 1860 aged 37 years Jane Gray, their daughter died 17th March 1852 aged 10 months Agnes Gray their daughter died 14 June 1873 aged 19 years.
Larne and Inver Church of Ireland graveyard, County Antrim
Sacred to the memory of Thomas L Peden aged 40 years, he died of Cholera, 1st September 1854, this monument is erected by a few of his numerous friends, as a mark of their affectionate regard and esteem, and of the deep regret they felt at his untimely and suden death, Thomas L Peden 1st September 1854
Mullaghglass Old graveyard, County Armagh
Sacred to the memory of Andrew Pollock, late of Newry, who fell a victim to malignant Cholera on the 17th of June 1832, aged 35 years His body here alone remains, his soul has fled to worlds on high, he died with more than Christian peace, he died Possessed of Christian joy At midnight when the cry arose the bridegroom commes, awake, arise, his lamp trimmed and burning bright, he sprang to meet him in the skies This small tribute of respect was created by his wife Anna Pollock, daughter of Samuel Magowan of Armagh.
Ballymore Church of Ireland graveyard, County Armagh
Sacred to the memory of William Loftie Esq, JP, Under whose fostering care as agent for XXXV years Tandragee flourished, and the estate and tenantry congenially prospered On his resignation of this ardous agency, it was well purposed[sic] by many tenants who could well appreciate a faithful pattern of genuine Christianity and uprightness to cheer his declining years with some token of cordial affection and respect; but Alas! the malignant cholera denied them the grateful oppertunity, and in sorrow they substitute this humble but sincere tribute to his memory Died Nov 7th 1833 aged 62 years.
Ballymore Church of Ireland graveyard, County Armagh
[Horizontal stone, partly buried], Sacred to the memory of James Grant of Tandragee who died of Cholera the 8th of Nov 1833 aged 41 years. This tomb was erected by his disconsolate widow as a tribute of respect to an affectionate husband.
Ballynure Old graveyard, County Antrim
[In] memory of Rev Robert Wallace, Wesleyan minister, Ireland, who when on a deputation to the ME Church America died of cholera at Cincinnati, Ohio, US , Sept 2nd 186 in the th year of his age and 31st of his ministry His remains are interred in the C[umm]insville Cemetery, Cincina[ti] Also Caroline Hill Wallace who died at Lisburn May 13th 1852 aged 5 years and 7 months Her remains are buried at Lisburn Also Alexander Beatty Wallace who died at Belfast March 26th 1862 aged 6 years and 10 months Also Jane Caroline Hill Wallace who died at Belfast July 26th 1869 aged 9 years and 2 months Rev John Beattie Wallace, LL B , Wesleyan minister, died 3rd April 1872 aged 27 years