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Historical Timeline
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  spacer Introduction
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  1603 Treaty of Mellifont brings to an end the Nine Years War 1603 – Treaty of Mellifont brings to an end the Nine Years War
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1603 – James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England 1603 James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England  
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  1603 Death of Elizabeth brings to an end the Tudor period. 1603 – Death of Elizabeth brings to an end the Tudor period.
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1607 – Flight of the Earls 1607  Flight of the Earls  
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  1609-11 Beginning of the Plantation of Ulster 1609-11 – Beginning of the Plantation of Ulster
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1641 – Outbreak of rebellion 1641 Outbreak of rebellion  
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1642 – Beginning of English Civil War 1642 Beginning of English Civil War  
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  1649 Charles I beheaded, monarchy abolished. 1649 – Charles I beheaded, monarchy abolished.
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1660 – Monarchy restored, Chalres II becomes King. 1660 Monarchy restored, Chalres II becomes King.  
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  1688 William of Orange invited to become king of England. 1688 – William of Orange invited to become king of England.
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  1690 Defeat of James II by William III at the Battle of the Boyne 1690 – Defeat of James II by William III at the Battle of the Boyne
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1745 – Jacobite rebellion 1745 Jacobite rebellion  
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  1750 Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution 1750 – Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution
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1776 – American Declaration of Independence 1776 American Declaration of Independence  
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1778 – Irish Volunteers formed 1778 Irish Volunteers formed  
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  1798 Rebellion involving United Irishmen 1798 – Rebellion involving United Irishmen
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1801 – Union of Great Britain and Ireland 1801 Union of Great Britain and Ireland  
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  1805 Battle of Trafalgar 1805 – Battle of Trafalgar
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1815 – Wellington victorious over Napoleon at Battle of Waterloo 1815 Wellington victorious over Napoleon at Battle of Waterloo  
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  1837 Queen Victoria comes to the throne 1837 – Queen Victoria comes to the throne
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  1846-8 Great Famine1854-56 Crimean War 1846-8 – Great Famine
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1854-56 – Crimean War    
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1885-6 – First Home Rule crisis 1885-6 First Home Rule crisis  
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  1899-1902 Boer War 1899-1902 – Boer War
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1901 – Queen Victoria dies 1901 Queen Victoria dies  
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  20th century Break-up of British Empire 20th century – Break-up of British Empire
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1914-18 – First World War 1914-18 First World War  
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  1916 Easter Rising 1916 – Easter Rising
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1920 – Government of Ireland Act 1920 Government of Ireland Act  
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  Wall street crash 1939-45 – Second World War
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  1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement 1985 – Anglo-Irish Agreement
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1998 – Good Friday Agreement 1998 Good Friday Agreement  
 
header image saying Genealogy and gravestones, for the Genealogy and gravestones timeline
     
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  spacer Introduction
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  spacer 11th-12th centuries – Anglo-Norman grave slabs erected in graveyards of east Ulster
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Late 14th century – Cooey-na-Gall O’Cahan’s tomb erected in Dungiven Priory. spacer  
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  spacer 15th-16th centuries – cadaver tombs erected in parts of Ireland
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1585 – Earliest sculpted memorial bearing an inscription. Jones ,Ardglass CI, Co. Down spacer  
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1552 – Office of Arms founded. spacer  
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  spacer Early 1600's – influx of English/Scots settlers to Ulster bringing their gravestone traditions
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  1611-22
            – Ulster Plantation records 1611-22 – Ulster Plantation records
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1625 – death of Sir Arthur Chichester who commissioned the finest 17th-century monument in Ireland spacer  
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  1630-1
            – Ulster muster rolls 1630-1 – Ulster muster rolls
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1659 – ‘census’ compiled spacer  
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  Hearth money rolls 1660s – Hearth money rolls.
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Late 17th century – sculpted headstones in the north Fermanagh/west Tyrone area spacer  
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  1697 – Law passed forbidding burial in the graveyard of a suppressed monastery or abbey 1697 – Law passed forbidding burial in the graveyard of a suppressed monastery or abbey
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1708 – Registry of Deeds established in Dublin 1708 – Registry of Deeds established in Dublin  
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  Early 18th century headstones with mortality symbols in south Fermanagh/Monaghan Early 18th century – headstones with mortality symbols in south Fermanagh/Monaghan
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1737 – Belfast News Letter founded spacer  
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1740 – ‘Census of Protestant householders’ 1740 Census of Protestant householders  
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  1766 Religious census 1766 – Religious census
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1772 – law passed by Irish parliament banning burial within churches spacer  
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  1775 Dissenters petitions 1775 – Dissenters’ petitions
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Late 18th century – mortality symbolism almost disappears from Ulster gravestones spacer  
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  spacer 1795 – Site acquired for a burying ground at Clifton Street, Belfast
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1796 – Flaxgrowers’ List Flaxgrowers List  
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  spacer Early 19th century – Classical mausolea become popular in Ulster
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1803-4 – Agricultural censuses for Antrim and Down Agricultural censuses for Antrim and Down  
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  Passing of Tithe Composition Act 1823 – Passing of Tithe Composition Act.
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1824 – Law passed requiring clergy, other than CI, to apply in writing to perform a burial service. spacer  
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   First or Townland Valuation 1830s – First or Townland Valuation.
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  spacer 1838 – Poor Law in Ireland
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1848-64 – Griffiths Valuation. Griffiths Valuation  
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  spacer 1856 – ‘An act to amend the laws relating to the burial of the dead in Ireland’ passed
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1867 – Public Record Office of Ireland established spacer  
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1869 – Belfast City Cemetery opened by the Corporation. spacer 1869 – Milltown Cemetery opened in Belfast by the Roman Catholic Church
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1884 – Cremation ruled legal. spacer  
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1898 – Local government act for Ireland spacer  
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  earliest surviving census for the whole of Ireland 1901 – earliest surviving census for the whole of Ireland.
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1912 – Ulster Covenant Ulster Covenant  
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  spacer 1920s to present – war memorials erected in many towns in Ireland
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1961 – City of Belfast Crematorium opened, the first of its kind in Northern Ireland. spacer  
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